How to remove warts
Every girl wants her skin to be tender and smooth. But it often happens that moles and warts occur and the dream about a perfect skin can be forgotten.
Well, moles are generally all right. Especially if a tiny mole is right above your upper lip – that looks cute and sexy. But warts are skin formations we never want to see on us.
Thanks to the science we have a few good methods to remove those. But before you do that make sure you have warts, not skin tumours.
Warts are not hereditary. They are not painful or inflammatory. But they do look like little skin tumours.
A wart is generally a small, rough growth, that resembles a cauliflower. Warts come in various shapes and sizes and appear on different parts of your body. Warts project over the skin and can go up to an inch or two.
Warts are common, and are caused by a viral infection, specifically by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
Warts typically disappear after a few months but can last for years and can recur. A few papillomaviruses are known to cause cancer.
Types of the wart
A range of different types of the wart have been identified, which differ in shape and site affected, as well as the type of human papillomavirus involved. These include:
- common wart (verruca vulgaris): a raised wart with roughened surface, most common on hands, knees and face;
- flat wart (verruca plana): a small, smooth flattened wart, tan or flesh colored, which can occur in large numbers; most common on the face, neck, palms, wrists and knees; it occurs on teens mostly;
- filiform or digitate wart: a thread- or finger-like wart, most common on the face, especially near the eyelids and lips, sometimes it can appear on the neck;
- plantar wart (verruca, verruca pedis): a hard sometimes painful lump, often with multiple black specks in the center; usually only found on pressure points on the soles of the feet: are the results of wearing uncomfortable footwear that chafe;
- mosaic wart: a group of tightly clustered plantar-type warts, commonly on the hands or soles of the feet;
- genital wart (venereal wart, condyloma acuminatum, verruca acuminata): wart affecting the genital areas; the most dangerous type of warts. Venereologists, gynaecologysts and urologists deal with these warts, not dermatologists.
Only a specialist can determine what type of a wart you actually have and how to treat it. Never ever try to write a prescription to yourself. And try to ignore your friends’ advice on how to treat the wart on your own, this can be dangerous (remember that it can be a tumour!!!).
These treatments may be prescribed by a medical professional:
- Keratolysis, removal of dead surface skin cells usually using salicylic acid, blistering agents, immune system modifiers, or formaldehyde.
- Cryosurgery, involves freezing the wart (generally with liquid nitrogen), after which the wart and surrounding dead skin falls off by itself. This method is the least painful.
- Laser treatment, the wart is removed layer by layer. The operation is performed under a local anaesthetic. The method is frequently used but sometimes scars are possible.
- Electric coagulation, the wart is removed with electricity of high frequency. On the place of the wart a thin crust is formed, which falls off later. Scars are never formed but a burn of deep skin layers is possible.
- Usual surgery, the wart is removed by cutting it out. The method is effective and is used when the wart is large. But the method is rarely used due to the fact scars are inevitable when such an operation is performed.
- Imiquimod, a topical cream that helps the immune system to fight the wart virus by encouraging the production of interferon.
- Candida injections at the site of the wart, stimulate the body’s immune system.
- Cantharidin, a chemical found naturally in many members of the beetle family Meloidae which causes dermal blistering.
None of these treatments except Cryosurgery are very effective if used just once. The wart can often return again after the skin has healed from the treatment. But if you go for treatment the second time it will allow you to get rid of the wart permanently.
- flat warts
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